Profiles of Eminent Scholars/Professionals

Profiles of Eminent Scholars/Professionals who have contributed to the health professions and health professions’ education in Zambia. The named auditorium and lecture theatres were named after persons who represent important milestones in the evolution and development of the health professions in Zambia.


                       

 

Prof. Chifumbe Chintu

Prof. Chifumbe Chintu was born on Dec 8, 1935, in Isoka, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia). He died in Lusaka, Zambia on May 4, 2017. He studied medicine in Canada as Northern Rhodesia had no medical schools. After graduating from medical school, Chintu spent a few years working in hospitals in Toronto. He returned to Zambia in the mid-1970s; the fledgling nation's sole certified paediatrician. And, unlike most of his contemporaries, he stayed throughout the economic crisis of the next decade and beyond. Over the years, he twice served as Dean of School of Medicine (University of Zambia), Chairperson of the Health Professions Council of Zambia, Chairperson of Zambia Medical Association and in several other government and civil society roles. He believed that physicians had three duties: to treat, to teach, and to research. Prof. Chintu was the first Zambian doctor to attain the rank of professor at the university of Zambia. 

Prof. Chintu persuaded Japan to build paediatric and neonatal wards at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia, while he served as dean of medicine. He established a research ethics committee and introduced postgraduate training at the school of medicine.  His research efforts changed global practice and WHO management guidelines for tuberculosis, tuberculosis–HIV coinfection, and respiratory infections.

 

 

Prof. Allan Harworth

Prof. Allan Haworth was born in June 1928 in Lancashire in Britain. Prof Haworth did his secondary education during the Second World War. He later went to Royal Air Force at the age of 18 and served in the medical branch. He later went to Queen’s College Cambridge then did his training at Royal London hospital. He started looking after psychiatric patients while in the Royal Air Force in England in 1948.

He arrived in Zambia from the United Kingdom in 1957 as a mission doctor in Mbereshi. Prof Haworth arrived at a time when white missionaries stayed separated from black people but that did not please him, so, he resigned and joined the federal government service. And in 1959, he came to work in Lusaka. He also worked in Kitwe. It was during that time that the federal government awarded him a scholarship to either study pathology or psychiatry. He started to study psychiatry in 1963, with the expectation that he would help to develop mental health service in Zambia, not only at Chainama Hospital but the whole the country. He would travel to other parts of the country setting up mental health services. It was because of his work that he was made the honorary fellow in psychiatry. Prof. Allan Haworth was a pioneering psychiatrist who worked at Chainama Hills Hospital for many years. He was responsible for establishing the training programme in psychiatry at the University of Zambia School of Medicine. He is known as the Father of Mental health among the medical fraternity in Zambia

For his contribution in Zambia, Dr Kaunda made him the grand commander of distinguished service first class. He also received an award from the Queen of England at Buckingham Palace. Prof Haworth, who was considered as a giant medical doctor, researcher, a philanthropist and a teacher. Prof. Harworth died in Leeds, United Kingdom at the age of 89.

Prof. Joseph T. Karashani

Prof. Joseph Karashani was born on 20th September, 1940 at Karagwe Tanzania. He did his primary education at Berega Rubungo and Mugeza Primary schools. He did his Secondary education at Nyakato secondary school and St Andrews College in Dar es Salaam where he obtained the Cambridge school certificate with several distinctions. He went to Makerere University Medical School Kampala between 1958 and 1965 where he obtained the MB ChB degree of the University of East Africa in March 1965.He entered the department of Anatomy at the Queens University of Belfast in 1969 and was allowed to enter a direct PHD programme which he obtained in 1972. He attended several courses in Oxford, UK Fukuoka Japan and USA. He started his university career as a tutorial fellow in Anatomy at University college of Dar es Salaam in 1968 after doing his rural posting in Mpwapwa and Iringa. He was appointed lecturer in Anatomy in 1973 at University of Dar es Salaam. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1976 and Professor in 1979.

Prof Karashani first came to UNZA School of Medicine in 1976 as external examiner. He came back repeatedly after that in 1981, 1984, and 1985 before being persuaded to accept an appointment in 1986 by Prof Kopano Mukelabai the Dean of the school of medicine at the time. He arrived in Zambia with his family on 5th March 1986. He contributed immensely to the academic processes of the School heading the Department of Anatomy and facilitating the training of several Zambians to take over from him. He was appointed assistant Dean (postgraduate)

in 1995. Notable virtues for this appointment were recorded as ‘academic stature, commitment and respect he commanded in the School and abroad and also accessibility and approachability. He was dearly loved by students in every generation. Of the 1514 medical graduates from UNZA School of medicine since 1973, 1211 directly passed through his instructional care (accounts for 80%) an immense contribution indeed. He was very instrumental in the establishing of the UNZA Biomedical Research Ethics committee which he headed from 2001 to 2007.

Ms. Kapelwa Sikota

Kapelwa Sikota (1928–2006) was the first Zambian registered nurse, in the 1950s when her country was still the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia. She trained and qualified in South Africa where nursing education was available before it was developed in Zambia. Her qualifications were not fully recognised at home until independence in 1964 when she was appointed to senior nursing posts. By 1970 she was Chief Nursing Officer in the Ministry of Health. In 2011 she was honoured posthumously by the Zambian Association of University Women.

Kapelwa Mwanang'umbi Sikota was born in Mongu District in Barotseland on 7 July 1928. As a girl she was in hospital in Mongu and realised there was not a single Zambian woman nurse on the staff, not even for maternity work this inspired her to become a nurse herself. She was educated to the highest level that any girl in 1930s and 1940s Zambia could reach: first in primary schools in Western Province and then at Chipembi girls' boarding school about 75 km north of Lusaka. Next her brother arranged for her to go to a mission school near Durban, South Africa for secondary education before enrolling at McCord Hospital to train as a nurse. This hospital for black people was widely known as McCord Zulu Hospital and Sikota had to learn Zulu while she was there. When she qualified in 1951, she won "Best Nurse of the Year" award and then did an extra year's training in midwifery. She was the "first Zambian African to qualify as a State registered nurse and a State certified midwife.

Back in Zambia in 1952, she worked at Lusaka Central Hospital, now University Teaching Hospital, and was the first African registered nurse to do so. It was not unusual in Rhodesia and other parts of colonial Africa to find health workers called assistants, orderlies, auxiliaries etc. working under European trained nurses and/or doctors. For a short spell in the 1950s Sikota was employed at Roan Antelope Mine Hospital in Luanshya. Her work as supervisor in a mining company hostel for trainee nurses gave rise to a UK parliamentary question in 1960 when Iain Macleod, Secretary of State for the Colonies, was asked whether he would deal with discrimination she was experiencing from Rhodesian mining companies. John Stonehouse, the MP asking one of a series of questions relating to the political situation in Northern Rhodesia, said the companies would not employ her in the capacity of a fully qualified, registered nurse. Macleod replied that he had no reason to think Sikota was being "debarred from any post through discrimination".

On 1 November 1964, one week after Rhodesia became the Republic of Zambia, she was promoted to Sister-in-Charge at University Teaching Hospital (UTH), the first African in that role. Meanwhile, the government encouraged programmes to create enrolled nurses with two years of training, as a step in the direction of fully registered nurses. In 1971 Sikota, by that time Chief Nursing Officer, presented graduation certificates to some of these enrolled nurses.

Sikota held various senior posts in nursing and midwifery. In 1966 she was assistant Matron-in-Chief at the Ministry of Health and then became the first African to hold the post of Zambian Chief Nursing Officer.  Her achievements include her part in drafting the 1970 Nursing Act which established the General Nursing Council of Zambia, and a role in developing modern facilities at UTH. In 1974 she went to France with her husband who had a diplomatic posting there. On her return she was involved in a project exploring the use of customary Zambian healthcare, traditional birth attendants for example, to supplement modern medicine. She retired in 1984. She died on 30 May 2006 and in 2011 she was one of eleven women pioneers in different fields honoured by the Zambian Association of University Women (ZAUW).

Prof. Elwyn Chomba

Prof. Chomba was the only and first female Zambian in the pioneer class of medical students in the School of Medicine at the University of Zambia. At the graduation ceremony for her Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBChB) degrees, she received prizes as Best Student in Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Paediatrics. Professor Elwyn Chomba has a distinguished record of academic achievement, hospital management and senior level public administration. Previously served as Permanent Secretary (Training) in the Ministry of Health, Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Community Development, Mother and Child Health. An experienced hospital administrator she was for four years the Managing Director of the University Teaching Hospital. Her career in hospital administration stretches nearly 40 years back to when she was Medical Superintendent at Wusakile Hospital under the then Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines. A paediatrician of national renown Professor Chomba has special interests in neurology, neonatology, HIV/AIDS and child sexual abuse.  In 1997, Professor Chomba received a Merit Award for Best Clinical Teaching Skills, an award funded by the UK Department for International Development.  Alongside her many responsibilities, Professor Chomba has remained active in Paediatric research.

Prof. David R. Makulu

Professor David R. Makulu, was born on 23rd March 1936 at Mbereshi Mission, Kawambwa district, Luapula province, Zambia. He attended primary school at Mutampuka and Kafulwe in Luapula province. He did his junior secondary school at Hope Fountain Mission and Goromonzhi in Southern Rhodesia/Zimbabwe. For his senior secondary school, he went to Munali High School. Prof. Makulu completed first degree in university education at Austin college, Texas, USA in 1963. He proceeded to graduate school and completed MSc in Biochemistry and Biology from Notre Dame University, USA in 1965 and obtained his PhD in 1971. He held several positions in his work and professional experience, including: 

  •  Assistant Professor-Oncology and Biochemistry, Rochester University, School of Medicine, USA

  •  Associate Professor-Oncology and Biochemistry, Rochester University, School of Medicine, USA.

  • Pharmacologist-Indiana School of Medicine, USA.

  • Post-doctoral Fellow- Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, U.S.A.

  • Member, Indiana Academy of Science, USA.

  • Visiting Scientific Investigator-National Cancer Institute, USA.

  • First Zambian Professor of Pharmacology-UNZA School of Medicine.

  • First Zambian Dean- UNZA School of Medicine.

  • Member, UNZA Senate and Council.

  • Permanent Advisor to Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education.

Professor Makulu was a great patriot and a selfless man who left a prestigious and very rewarding job in the USA to come back to his country to accept a humble but satisfying job. Professor Makulu died on 25th December, 1996.

Rev. Prof. Ann Bayley

Anne Bayley was born in 1934 and trained at Middlesex Hospital Medical School, qualifying in 1958. At the beginning of her career she held various posts in UK hospitals, although she also spent some time abroad, e.g. in 1961-1962 as Medical Officer at St. Francis' Hospital, Katete, Northern Rhodesia, and in 1968-1970 as Senior Registrar, Department of Surgery, Korle Bu Hospital, Accra Ghana. From 1971 to 1990 she held various posts in the Department of Surgery in the Medical School at the University of Zambia. She was also the first lady president of the Association of Surgeons of East Africa (1983 – 1984) and from 1977 onwards sat on its Council.

From 1974 to 1983 Anne Bayley's interests were in the area of primary hepatocellular carcinoma and in 1977 she developed a particular interest in Kaposi's Sarcoma, particularly the African endemic type. She first observed aggressive HIV-related Kaposi's Sarcoma in Lusaka in 1983 and confirmed this in 1984, when an antibody test had been developed and she was able to send samples to the UK for analysis. She subsequently followed the evolution of epidemic AIDS in Zambia closely. She saw very early AIDS patients in Zambia and elsewhere in East Africa, especially in Uganda in 1985, and attended the very first international AIDS conferences in the mid-1980s. She also undertook a serology survey in Lusaka in 1985 of patients with unusually aggressive form of Kaposi’s Sarcoma. The sent for testing came back as positive for the virus then known as HTLV-III